Hospital-acquired infections

Hospital-acquired infections are defined as the infections that are not present or not indicated as incubated at a patient’s admission in a hospital. On the contrary, these infections are caused during a patient’s stay at a hospital by specific pathogens, such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

Printed Circuit Board

A printed circuit board (PCB) is a base implemented in most consumer electronics. It mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic or electrical components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from one or more sheet layers of copper on an insulating substrate. Components are generally soldered onto the PCB to be both electrically connected […]

Point-Of-Care Testing

Point-οf-Care (POC) testing is defined as medical diagnostic testing at or near the time and place of patient care. This offers the advantage of knowing critical information regarding the health of the patient, eliminating the need for a central medical laboratory, and sending off specimens. With POC testing, treating therapist should not wait for hours […]


A lab-on-a-chip (LOC) is a device that embeds one or several laboratory functions on a single integrated chip (comprising microfluidic, electrical, electronic, and/or sensory components) of only millimeters to a few square centimeters to achieve automation and high-throughput screening.